Titanic Riveters

March 1, 2019 by


One of the most basic components’ of the Titanic construction was the process of riveting, that took place in the Harland & Woolf shipyard in Belfast. The opportunity to do the work was a very haphazard affair, with the foreman making random choices in hiring the men for the day.

The pay for doing the job of riveting was based on the number of rivets that were hammered in. The effect of riveting was to fasten plates and beams together by hammering red-hot metal rivets into pre-drilled holes making a watertight connection.

Each riveting group was comprised of two riveters, one left-handed, one right-handed, one holder-on and a boy who was responsible for the heating of the rivets in the furnace.

The furnace boy would put five or six rivets in the fire from his bag of rivets; he would when the rivet had reached the right temperature throw the hot rivet to the holder-on who, on picking it up put it through the hole, ramming it through with a back-hammer.

The riveter drives it in with alternate blows on the outside of the shell that would fill up every hole with rivets. In the bulkheads the men would be bent almost double riveting heavy beams and plates. This was twice as hard as ordinary shell riveting. They had to work fast as the rivet had to be hammered in while it was red-hot. It was a very precarious procedure as men would be riveting up to 100 feet up and sometimes even higher. They would be working swinging hammers with only two small wooden planks as their support when bouncing around,. As they worked they had no guardrail provided in those days!

Eight Harland and Wolff workers were killed during the construction of the Titanic five of whom have been identified. In addition to the fatalities there were 28 serious accidents and 218 minor accidents recorded by the firm.




Dawpool the Sailing Ship

January 2, 2019 by


Lai Fong, active c.1870-c.1905; 'Dawpool'

Thomas Henry Ismay on the launch date of 1st January 1880 named his new ship Dawpool, which was the name of his country home Dawpool Manor, Thurstaston, Wirral, overlooking the Dee estuary. He was a very wealthy shipping tycoon and Dawpool Manor was an indication of that success. This stately home was demolished in 1927.

The ship had changes of ownership and name; German ownership – 1895 to 1905 and renamed Willkommen, also Norwegian ownership – 1905 to 1917 and again renamed Vestely. The Vestely was scuttled on the 22nd April 1917 off the North West coast of County Donegal, Ireland.

Dawpool : Ship number 130

Sailing Ship Built Belfast

Launch date 1 January 1880

Delivered 24th January 1880

Owner North Western Shipping Co

Weight 1697grt

BP Length 256 ft

Breadth 38 ft

Propulsion Sail

Official No 81323

Registered Liverpool

More information about the Dawpool can be had on the website: https://fearon.me.uk/drupal/?q=content/dawpool-story

End of year Review 2018

December 31, 2018 by

The site has seen both an increase in visitors and views during the year, with the top three countries visitors being U.S.A., UK and Canada.  The three most visited items being TITANIC & THE COAL STRIKE, THE BELL FAMILY TREE & EXTRACT FROM: EVERY MAN FOR HIMSELF.  Thank you for your ongoing interest in Joseph Bell.

Thank You Word Cloud

Poster for Titanic return voyage 1912

October 21, 2018 by

The poster as under was for sale by auction and  reached  the sum of £62,000.  It is stated that there might be only one or two of the original poster in existence and therefore very rare.  The poster was printed  prior to the sinking of Titanic in the early hours of the 15th of April 1912.

Titanic poster

John Henry Hesketh White Star Apprentice

October 2, 2018 by


The White Star Line Engineering  Works began in 1873 in Neptune Street, Liverpool, but because of the accelerating development of the line it had to relocate to larger premises in Strand Road, Bootle where it occupied c.440 square yards on three floors and being closer to the company’s ships.

The offices were on the ground floor with the brass foundry, blacksmith’s shops, general plumbing and victualling stores, boiler house, fitting shop and paint store.  On the first floor was the drawing office, opticians’ room, joiners’ shop, fitting shop, copper shop, upholsterers’ shop and laundry that was capable of dealing with thousands of pieces of linen a day.

The second floor contained the pattern makers’ stores, brass shop, sheet metal workers’ shop, japanning, brazing and silversmiths’ shops, upholsterers’ store, sail makers’ loft, and accommodation for the janitor.

John Henry Hesketh aka ‘Harry’ was the only Engineer who worked exclusively for the White Star Line from the start of his apprenticeship on 1st of May 1893 , until his death on Titanic 19 years later.  When J H Hesketh started his apprenticeship in 1893 aged 14, he would, because of his father’s job as an engine driver, already have a good appreciation of the workings of steam powered engines.  On many occasions he would have ridden with his father in the cab of his train.  After his six years as an apprentice Marine Engineer, he sailed to New York on the maiden voyage of SS Afric on 7th of February 1899,  returning briefly to the Engineering Works prior to the official start of his seagoing career.

SS Afric was a steamship built for White Star Line by Harland & Wolff shipyards. She was of the Jubilee Class, had a reported tonnage of 11,948, and had a port of registry of Liverpool  Afric was launched on November 16, 1898, and was involved in shipping between Liverpool and Australia.

SS Afric was the first of five Jubilee Class ships built by White Star Line for their new service to Australia, the others were Medic, Persic, Runic and Survic. Afric was a single funnel liner with capacity for 320 Third class passengers on three decks, she also had substantial cargo capacity with seven cargo holds, most of them refrigerated for the transport of Australian meat.

SS Afric made her maiden voyage on 8 February 1899, between Liverpool and New York, this was considered a test run, and when she returned she underwent further work to prepare her for her intended career on the Australia service. She entered service between Liverpool and Sydney via Cape Town on 9 September 1899.

During the Boer War from 1900 to 1902, Afric was used to transport troops and horses to South Africa on the outbound part of her journey, returning them to the UK on the return journey.

Experienced marine engineers were highly paid compared to the crew, not only because of their skills and the level  responsibility that the work involved, but also because they had been quite  scarce throughout the 19th Century.  Over the years many able Engineers found that they could not handle life at sea and despite their mechanical abilities, were forced to return to shore employment.  It took a special kind of person to deal with life at sea and with managing machinery.  Although not all firemen and trimmers were drunkards, many drank and were a tough lot who needed to be kept under control by the Engineer in charge of the watch.  It was rumoured that one Engineer who made enemies  in the Black Gang, went into a ships boiler room one night and was never seen again!  Another had his finger bitten off while trying to break up a fight.

On the 23rd of June 1909, The White Star Line declared its last year’s profit.  The White Star Company’s working profit for 1908 was £229,940, compared with £848,486 in 1907.  The company had 29 steamers, whose total tonnage was 386,000.  The late Mr T H Ismay founded it in 1869.  Steamers flying the White Star traded between England and America at first; now they run to the Mediterranean, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and Canadian ports.  The vessels in the New Zealand trade include the Athenic, Corinthic and Ionic.  Titanic’s keel was laid down in Belfast at yard No 401.

With appreciation and thanks to Chris Hughes great, great, niece of J H Hesketh.







Joseph Bell Autograph Discovered

August 22, 2018 by

An autograph book was discovered and included in an auction of miscellaneous items in Australia recently.  The book contained an autograph by Joseph Bell as illustrated below, who was then 1st Engineer aboard SS Suevic on her maiden voyage from Liverpool-Cape- Town-Sydney departing Liverpool on 21st March 1901.  On her outward voyage she carried troops to the Cape and on return, Australian contingents to the Boer War.

It is thought that while Suevic was docked in Sydney, some invited guests were aboard from the Brough Hospital of which J Bruce Ismay Ismay of the White Star Line was an investor in it’s construction in 1872, and this was the likely background to the origination of the autograph by Joseph Bell.

Autograph Joseph Bell  SS Suervic



Prime Titanic menu makes £100k at auction

April 23, 2018 by

A menu of the first meal ever served aboard the Titanic has fetched £100,000 at auction. The lunch, including consommé mirrette, sweetbreads and spring lamb, was served to officers on the first day of sea trials on 2 April 1912.

It belonged to Second Officer Charles Lightoller, the most senior crew member to survive, who gave it to his wife as he left Southampton on 10 April 1912. It was sold to a British collector at the auction at Henry Aldridge and Son in Devizes, Wiltshire on Saturday.

Andrew Aldridge, from the firm, said: “We are delighted with the results of the auction and think the rarity of the objects is reflected in the prices which illustrates the ongoing fascination with the story of the Titanic.”

He said items had been snapped up by collectors in “all four corners of the globe”.

On 2 April, on Titanic’s first day of sea trials, officers and crew enjoyed their first meal served in the main dining saloon before being joined by the passengers.

The menu was given to Charles Lightoller’s wife as a souvenir as he departed from Southampton on 10 April 1912

Mr Aldridge said it was believed only one other example of a 2 April menu had survived, which belonged to Titanic’s Fifth Officer Harold Lowe. “He wrote a notation on the bottom ‘this is first meal ever served on board’ however the bottom of the Lowe menu was removed,” he said.

“So this [the Charles Lightoller menu] is believed to be the only complete example and is one of the most important examples of its type in existence today.”

The Lowe menu sold at auction for £28,000 in 2004.

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Ironic performance of Titanic Musical

April 13, 2018 by


Titanic the musical was being performed in Southampton for the first  time.  The opening night performance of the musical had to be abandoned after debris fell onto the stage during the opening night night performance.

Audience members at the Mayflower Theatre said items began falling shortly after the scene in which the ship hits the iceberg. An announcer said the show was being halted for “health and safety reasons”.

The Southampton run coincides with the 106th anniversary of Titanic’s maiden voyage from the city in April 1912.  Associate producer Michael Ockwell said: “You couldn’t make it up… the irony isn’t lost on us.”

A theatre spokesman said plaster from a backstage wall had fallen on to the stage but it was “not a major structural issue”. “With the safety of the cast in mind, we made the sensible decision to cancel the second act of the show,” he added.Theatre-goers were told the show was being abandoned

Claire Cleaver, who was attending Thursday’s show with her niece, said she initially thought it was an on-stage effect. “It was quite frightening at first as we didn’t know what was going on but the Mayflower handled it very well and there was no panic,” she added.

“It’s very ironic being the first showing of the Titanic musical and then the show itself sinking. It was a fantastic show, it was so disappointing.”The theatre said no-one was injured and Friday evening’s performance was expected to go ahead as planned following repair work.

During the ten-day run – its first in Southampton – a special midnight performance coinciding with the time the ship sank in April 1912 is due to take place on Saturday. Titanic the Musical opened on Broadway in 1997 and has won Tony Awards including best musical and best score.

Titanic ticket

Titanic Maiden Voyage Ticket Southampton – New York

Titanic launch ticket for sale

April 13, 2018 by

Auctioneers expect rare Titanic launch ticket to sell for £25k  An unused ticket for the launch of the Titanic – described as an “exceptional piece of Belfast history” – is expected to fetch up to £25,000 at auction.



Remembering Joseph Bell

April 12, 2018 by

It is 106 years ago on the 15th April 2018, that Joseph Bell & his engineers died heroically fighting to postpone the sinking of R M S Titanic.  In memory of  all those who died trying to do so, a wreath of flowers has been laid at the Joseph Bell memorial headstone in Farlam.

Joseph Bell Chief Engineer of the Titanic, died at his post in the engine room with his fellow engineers.  As the Titanic began to flood, engineers worked tirelessly on the electrical  systems to keep the lights and pumps operational, as well as provide power to the ship’s radio that was sending out the ‘Mayday’ distress signal.  Without their sacrifice, many more lives would have been lost.

The wreck of R.M.S. Titanic rests on the Atlantic Ocean floor at a depth of 3800m or [12,467 ft] off the coast of Newfoundland.  Titanic had completed 1,451 miles of the 1,901 miles of her total intended journey before she sank.




Below some of the Titanic engineers, it’s thought that Joseph Bell is the one

seated in the centre of the front row.

Titanic Engineers